Australian Mungbean Association
Australian-grown mungbeans have quality written all over them!
The Australian Mungbean Association (AMA) is a non-profit organisation representing all sectors of the Australian mungbean industry. Its members include plant breeders, research agronomists, grain traders, seed graders and packers, crop consultants and representatives from a range of other government agencies and private sector enterprises.
The AMA is committed to developing effective networks and linkages between key stakeholders within the industry and to ensuring that industry efforts and resources are maximised and aligned for the common good of the mungbean industry.
Through the dedicated efforts of the Association’s Promotions, Seeds, Standards, Packer and Logistics and Research and Development committees the AMA has a strong focus on ensuring:
The AMA’s industry development programs include:
In May 2014, following a survey process that was completed by some 130 individuals, industry stakeholders from across the industry came together in Brisbane for a meeting of the minds to discuss and agree on the key components for our next 5-year strategy.
Average production over the past five years has been around 50–70 thousand tonne per annum and we have set a goal to increase production to an average of 170 000 t over the coming five years.
This target will be achieved through a range of strategies including:
In the past few years the significant gains in the industry have come from a range of key initiatives including significant variety improvement through the National Mungbean Improvement Program and improvements in the Mungbean Standards, with the introduction of quantifiable tests and photographic charts.
Until the 1960s the global production of mungbean was based on wild varieties adapted to each growing region. In Australia, wild mungbean was a valued bush tucker for the Wapiti people of Central Australia and is known to grow in a wide range of environments across Northern Australia. Australian researchers have been global leaders in the development of this ‘new’ crop.
1930s – First official production of introduced mungbean varieties for forage use and green manure.
1969 – NSW Department of Agriculture registered ‘Celera’ as a forage crop, noting its seed crop potential.
1970s – Australian native Vigna species collected.
1975 – NSW and Queensland departments of agriculture released ‘Berken’ and CSIRO released ‘Regur’, marking the beginning of commercial seed production for export to markets in Japan.
1988 – Eleven new varieties commercialised over the next 10 years, six in collaboration with the AMA. Annual production was around 10 000 t/yr.
1996 – Annual production around 20 000 t/yr.
2009 – A turning point in mungbean production, which had risen to around 45 000 t/yr, due mainly to the uptake of ‘Crystal’ and ‘Satin II’, released in 2008, but production was set to more than double in the next five years.
2011 – The mungbean plant breeding and agronomic research program, funded largely by the Australian Government and grower levies through the GRDC, achieved a benefit-cost of 18 to 1 on investment.
2014 – ‘Jade-AU’ and ‘Celera II’ commercialised and major advances in plant breeding technology, agronomic research and pest and disease management, since 2000.
2016 – 5-year average production 76 000 t/yr industry worth $86 million. Record production of over 150 000 t/yr and high global demand.
2017 – 'Onyx-AU' commercialised as the first new black gram released in Australia since Regur in 1975.
2020 – 'Opal-AU' commercialised as a step forward in foliar disease resistance in shiny green mungbean.
2020 – 5-year average production 90,000 t/yr industry worth $118 million.
The Australian Mungbean Association has supported many world-first developments in the industry and continues to uphold the ‘clean and safe’ high quality standards that have opened new markets across Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
1986 – first AMA meeting, held at Brisbane Aero Club.
1987 – Standards Committee established.
1988 – First quality standard for sprouting mungbean adopted, forming the basis of a unique and effective
marketing system that underpins the industry’s high quality, food-grade status.
1989 – AMA adopted the AQIS Code of Hygiene Practice.
1993 – AMA became the first commercial mungbean PBR partner for CSIRO’s release of Emerald.
1998 – AMA Accredited Seed Scheme established with third-party crop inspections.
1999 – First of four 5-year strategic plans prepared to guide the development of the industry.
2000 – Certified Agronomists program established in collaboration with Queensland Government and Pulse Australia.
2003 – First Variety Management Package published, outlining characteristics and agronomic recommendations of new varieties.
2002 – Australian mungbean germplasm collection, previously curated by CSIRO, was handed over to the Queensland Government to manage the breeding program in collaboration with the AMA.
2011 – Industry study tour of Taiwan. Australia accesses 250 new mungbean lines from the AVRDC.
2014 – 5-year strategic plan targets 170 000 t/yr average production.
2016 – AMA invests in halo blight research. Marked the 30 year anniversary of the AMA with a Gala Dinner.
2017 – Commercial release of a new black gram variety, Onyx-AU, to replace Regur.
2020 – Commercial release of a new shiny green mungbean variety, Opal-AU, with improved resistance to foliar disease (halo blight and powdery mildew).